Sensitive skin - the best care tips


Sensitive skin quickly reacts with redness, tightens, itches and flakes. Because it is easily irritated, it needs extra care.
Sensitive skin - how to recognize this skin type
Caution is advised. Sensitive skin is unforgiving. The wrong care can irritate it, spicy food makes it blush and it doesn't like hot or cold temperatures at all.

Sensitive skin reacts quickly with irritation and redness. Sun and new cosmetics are often not well tolerated, and stress also quickly affects the skin's appearance.

If it comes into contact with synthetic fragrances, essential oils, preservatives, and other skin irritants, it reacts and retaliates with redness, pimples, wheals, burning, itching and flaking. Sensitive skin must be treated carefully - the skin care strategy is therefore: less is more. Anything that could irritate sensitive skin should therefore be avoided as far as possible. And: It has to be the right care.

Skin care for sensitive skin
Soothing irritated skin is the top priority of the daily beauty routine; the natural skin protection barrier should be permanently strengthened. Basically, the skin should not be burdened with too many ingredients from products; the rule is: the shorter the INCI list (Indication of Ingredients, "International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients") on a product, the better. Then a close look should be taken at the ingredients. Products specially designed for sensitive skin often contain soothing active ingredients such as panthenol, calendula, aloe vera, witch hazel, evening primrose oil, licorice root, calcium, magnesium or zinc. Skin types such as impure skin or combination skin, which are somewhat less sensitive than sensitive skin, in turn require different care. The best thing to do for sensitive skin is to stick to a product line that contains all cleansing and care products once you have tested their compatibility.

Sensitive + dry - a difficult combination: Often sensitive skin is dry at the same time. Since its natural protective shield is no longer intact, the skin's own moisture leaks out and pollutants can penetrate the sensitive skin more easily. This leads to redness, and the skin becomes rough, dry and flaky. Hyaluronic acid, for example, is an active ingredient that moisturizes the skin and is very well tolerated because it is a substance produced naturally in the body. We put face creams with hyaluronic acid to the test and tell you our favorites. Thermal water also soothes irritated skin quickly - especially in summer a pleasant refreshment if you store it in the refrigerator.

Many cosmetic ingredients are often not tolerated by sensitive skin, for example perfume additives or alcohols. But also anti-aging ingredients such as retinol. Care products for sensitive skin therefore avoid anything that could unnecessarily stress or irritate the skin; they contain only selected mild, highly pure ingredients. Incidentally, sensitive skin is not uncommon: almost 40% of Germans consider their skin to be sensitive. Cosmetics manufacturers also react to this: care series for dry skin, flaky skin, itchy skin all aim to strengthen the skin barrier, relieve redness and prevent itching.

Our tips - how to find the right care for sensitive skin
Pay attention to the INCI lists of the care products. The fewer ingredients, the better. According to cosmetics regulations, these must be listed on the packaging in the order of their concentration.
Be careful with peelings, if you want to get rid of skin flakes, choose an enzyme-based peeling. If you like it natural, try our DIY exfoliating scrub ideas - guaranteed to be microplastic-free.
Particularly high demands are placed on the ingredients of baby care products. These products are therefore also suitable for the sensitive skin of adults.
If you want to play it safe, choose products that are explicitly declared for sensitive skin. The products should be free of fragrances, preservatives and colorants and should not contain PEG emulsifiers. Some skin care products are not entirely free of preservatives. If these substances are necessary, they must be kept to a minimum.
SOS tip for the home
Acutely irritated skin can be soothed by black tea. It contains tannins and, when applied externally, can reduce bacterial infestation of the skin and accelerate wound healing. Cold compresses also have a good cooling effect. To do this, steep the tea for ten minutes and then place it in the refrigerator. When it is cold, compresses can be applied to the irritated skin.

Sunscreen for sensitive skin
People with sensitive skin should choose a sunscreen without parabens and fragrances. Since this skin type often reacts irritably to chemical sunscreen filters, mineral sunscreen is ideal. They are now so good that their performance is in no way inferior to conventional chemical filters, and they no longer shimmer white on the skin as the first mineral sunscreen products did a few years ago. In addition, of course, applies to all skin types: Apply plenty of sunscreen and reapply every two hours. And always choose sunscreens with a high sun protection factor (preferably SPF 50) or sunblock.

Sensitive skin tends to couperose
The red veins that shimmer through the skin usually show up most clearly on the cheeks and around the nose. This is called couperosis. Causes include genetic predisposition, sun, high blood pressure, alcohol or as a result of rosacea. This is an inflammatory skin disease whose trigger has not yet been sufficiently clarified, but which unfortunately occurs frequently (even more often than neurodermatitis).

Intensive care for sensitive skin: Does a serum help?
Due to the particularly high concentration of active ingredients, serums act intensively on the one hand and more directly on the other. They are characterized by a light texture, which allows the concentrate to penetrate even into the deeper layers of the skin. This makes them ideal for soothing sensitive skin with active ingredients and supplying it with moisture. Feelings of tension, heat or tingling are alleviated with special serums for sensitive skin. It is important to use a serum without an alcohol base and preferably without parabens, synthetic dyes and fragrances. Stressed skin areas (such as reddened cheeks) can also be treated well selectively with a serum. Many companies now offer oil-free serums for hypersensitive skin that strengthen the skin barrier.

Skin care against wrinkles in sensitive skin
Sensitive skin is often delicate, thin and dry and therefore tends to wrinkle faster than the normal or oily skin type. Moisture binders help the skin to optimize its water balance, so anti-aging skin care creams contain substances such as glycerin, algae extract, hyaluronic acid, urea, lactic acid and panthenol.

Plant estrogens such as soy, green tea or ginseng are also found in many products, as are minerals such as zinc, copper and magnesium. They are all compatible with sensitive skin. Sensitive skin should be cautious with retinol, although it is considered one of the anti-aging ingredients best validated by studies, but it dries out the skin easily and provokes small skin blemishes. If you still want to use retinol as an anti-aging weapon, start with a low concentration of the substance and only apply cream a few days apart in the evening.


 

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