SEVERE ABDOMINAL PAIN Causes and help


Severe abdominal pain mainly affects women, but men can also suffer from it. We explain the most common causes and what helps against them.
Abdominal pain: definition
Those who speak of abdominal pain mainly mean discomfort in the lower abdomen - this is located between the palpable hip bones and runs from the belly button to the pubic area. Severe abdominal pain can be limited to individual parts of the lower abdomen or affect the entire lower abdomen and be pressing, pulling, or stabbing.

What does severe abdominal pain stand for?
Severe abdominal pain is often referred to as a classic female problem because this discomfort is considered to accompany menstruation. But men can also be affected by abdominal pain. In them, prostate or testicular disease is often the cause of the complaints. Irrespective of gender, a disease such as a disorder of the digestive system or a urinary tract infection can also trigger severe abdominal pain. 

Caution: If the abdominal wall feels very hard and at the same time there is severe pain when touched, a so-called "acute abdomen" may be responsible. This is potentially life-threatening - the emergency doctor should be called immediately!

Causes of severe abdominal pain
The following causes of severe abdominal pain are possible:

In women.
Menstrual cramps (including cramps, heavy menstrual bleeding, missed periods, spotting instead of periods, irregular bleeding).
Endometriosis
Ectopic pregnancy
Cysts on the ovaries
descent of the uterus
Inflammation of the endometrium, ovaries, or fallopian tubes
Benign tumors, e.g. fibroids
Malignant tumors, e.g. cervical or ovarian cancer

In men
Epididymis is inflamed
Prostate is inflamed
Prostate cancer
Gender-unspecific causes of severe abdominal pain
Urinary tract infection (often accompanied by pain during urination)
Urinary stones
Bladder cancer
Appendicitis
Constipation
Chronic inflammatory bowel disease, e.g. Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
Inflammation of intestinal protrusions
Inguinal hernia
Cancer of the rectum (cancer in the lowest part of the intestine)
Intestinal obstruction
Mesenteric infarction (blockage of an intestinal artery)
When should I see a doctor for severe abdominal pain?
Not every abdominal pain requires an immediate checkup with a doctor. However, an examination is advisable if the following signs are present:

The pain gets progressively worse instead of better. 
The abdominal wall feels hard and hurts when touched. 
There is blood in the stool or urine. 
Other symptoms appear, such as fever, vomiting, or nausea.
Low blood pressure combined with a rapid pulse.
Help and tips against severe abdominal pain
Acute pain can be treated with antispasmodic drugs as well as painkillers. Further therapy is determined based on the cause of the abdominal pain. Mild discomfort can also be treated with home remedies. Well, suited are:

Warmth, e.g. a hot water bottle on the abdomen or a warm bath.
Tea with bearberry leaves for diseases of the urinary tract (e.g. inflammation of the bladder)
Gentle abdominal massage
Nutrition: gentle diet for digestive problems


 

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